Çàäàíèÿ ïî àíãëèéñêîìó ÿçûêó. ÌÃÓ. Îëèìïèàäà Ëîìîíîñîâ è âñòóïèòåëüíûé ýêçàìåí íà ôèëîëîãè÷åñêèé ôàêóëüòåò , ôàêóëüòåò èíîñòðàííûõ ÿçûêîâ, Âûñøàÿ øêîëà ïåðåâîäà.
Îëèìïèàäà "Ëîìîíîñîâ-2007" Çàäàíèÿ ïî àíãëèéñêîìó ÿçûêó
A Lovable Eccentric
True eccentrics never deliberately set out to draw attention to themselves. They disregard social conventions without being conscious that they are doing anything extraordinary. This invariably wins them the love and respect of others, for they add colour to the dull routine of everyday life.
Up to the time to his death, Richard Colson was one of the most notable figures in our town. He was a shrewd and wealthy business-man, but the ordinary town-folk hardly knew anything about this side of his life. He was known to us all as Dickie and his eccentricity had become legendary long before he died.
Dickie disliked snobs intensely. Though he owned a large car, he hardly ever used it. preferring always to go on foot. Even when it was raining heavily, he refused to carry an umbrella. One day, he walked into an expensive shop after having been caught in a particularly heavy shower. He wanted to buy a ?300 fur coat for his wife, but he was in such a bedraggled condition that an assistant refused to serve him. Dickie left the shop without a word and returned carrying a large cloth bag. As it was extremely heavy, he dumped it on the counter. The assistant asked him to leave, but Dickie paid no attention to him and requested to see the manager. Recognizing who the customer was, the manager was most apologetic and reprimanded the assistant severely. When Dickie was given the fur coat, he presented the assistant with the cloth bag. It contained ?300 in pennies. He insisted on the assistant's counting the money before he left - 72,000 pennies in all! On another occasion, he invited a number of important critics to see his private collection of modern paintings. This exhibition received a great deal of attention in the press, for though the pictures were supposed to be the work of famous artists, they had in fact been painted by Dickie. It took him four years to stage this elaborate joke simply to prove that critics do not always know what they are talking about.
Variant ¹ 2
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Îëèìïèàäà "Ëîìîíîñîâ-2009" Çàäàíèÿ ïî àíãëèéñêîìó ÿçûêó
ÀÍÃËÈÉÑÊÈÉ ßÇÛÊ TEST:
1. Whenever I came to visit my Uncle Joe, he_______________ me a little present.
2. I still haven't got_____________ the shock of failing to win the race.
3. I am going to get a degree in English Literature,__________ long it takes.
4. Everyone whose qualifications meet our______________ will be considered.
5. The black bear suddenly appeared from__________ the tent.
6. Robert_____________ before having his photo taken.
7. Noise pollution generally receives less attention than ________ air pollution.
8. I'm really sleepy today. I wish I_______________ Bob to the airport late last night.
9. Platinum_____ a rare and valuable metal, white in colour, and next to silver and gold, the easiest
10. The car changed the direction suddenly to avoid_________ the pedestrian.
11. Let's go to the theatre tonight,_________ ?
12. If I hadn't worked hard when I was young I_________ where I am now.
13. He is so___________ -minded and often forgets his keys.
14. Tommy admitted___________ the rock through the window.
15. He studies_______ than me.
16. We'll have taken our exams__________ this time next month.
17. They__________ heard us coming, we were making a lot of noise.
18. What time_______ on television?
19. I_______ I had been able to meet her.
20. I_____________ Peter this afternoon.
1. After the Norman Conquest in 1066__________ became the official language in England.
2. Identifying symbols of Wales are:__________ .
3. Traditionally a____________ is placed into the Christmas pudding. It is believed to bring good
4. Which city is considered to be the Birthplace of Jazz?
5. The UK is bordered to the south by____________ .
1. There's always___________ traffic on the motorway, so I usually take the minor roads.
Collocate - words that collocate are often used together.
3. I didn't______________ hope of being released.
4. It was always my dream to___________ my own business.
5. He__________ a speech and it was broadcast on national radio.
ÏÅÐÅÍÅÑÈÒÅ ÑÂÎÈ ÐÅØÅÍÈß Â ËÈÑÒ ÎÒÂÅÒÎÂ
Êîíêóðñ ïîíèìàíèÿ ïèñüìåííîãî òåêñòà
ONE WORLD, ONE LANGUAGE
Many factors contribute to the gradual spread of a language - chiefly political and military might, economic power, and religious influence (all of which artificial languages lack). These same factors mean that the development of a world language is not viewed with enthusiasm by those who would have to learn it. Such a language, it can be argued, would give its originating culture an unprecedenteu-influence in world affairs and scientific research.
unintelligible. How far this diversification will affect English cannot be predicted.
A Many people thus view the current progress of English towards world-language status with concern and often with antagonism.
B As a consequence, Africa is a continent of lingua francas.
D French is still widely used, but far less than it was a century ago.
E Linguistic predictions have a habit of being wrong.
F For example, scientists who used it as a mother tongue would be in a privileged position: they would not have to spend time learning it and would more easily assimilate ideas expressed in it.
G As a language becomes used in all corners of the world, by people from all walks of life, so it begins to develop new spoken varieties which are used by local people as symbols of their identity.
H The history of ideas already provides precedents with Latin used as a medium of education in western Europe throughout the Middle Ages and French used as the language of international diplomacy from the 17th to the 20th centuries.
A tour operator which specializes in environmentally sensitive holidays has banned the use of all cameras. Is this the future of tourism? Asks Mark Hodson.
The days of the camera-toting tourist may be numbered. Insensitive travelers are being ordered to stop pointing their cameras and camcorders at reluctant local residents. Tour companies selling expensive trips to remote corners of the world, off the well-trodden path of the average tourist, have become increasingly irritated at the sight of the visitors upsetting locals. Now one such operator plans to ban clients from taking any photographic equipment on holidays. Julian Mathews is the director of Discovery Initiatives, a company that is working hand-in-hand with other organizations to offer holidays combining high adventure with working on environmental projects. His trips are not cheap; two weeks of white-water rafting and monitoring wildlife in Canada cost several thousand pounds.
Matthews says he is providing 'holidays without guilt', insisting that Discovery Initiatives is not a tour operator but an environmental support company. Clients are referred to as 'participants' or 'ambassadors'. 'We see ourselves as the next step on from eco-tourism, which is merely a passive form of sensitive travel - our approach is more proactive.'
However, says Matthews, there is a price to pay. 'I am planning to introduce tours with a total ban on cameras and camcorders because of the damage they do to our relationships with local people. I have seen some horrendous things, such as a group of six tourists arriving at a remote village in the South American jungle, each with a video camera attached to their face. That sort of thing tears me up inside. Would you like somebody to come into your home and take a photo of you cooking? A camera is like a weapon; it puts up a barrier and you lose all the communication that comes through body language, which effectively means that the host communities are denied access to the so-called cultural exchange.'
Matthews started organizing environmental holidays after a scientific expedition for young people. He subsequently founded Discovery Expeditions, which has helped support 13 projects worldwide. With the launch of Discovery Initiatives, he is placing a greater emphasis on adventure and fun, omitting in the brochure all references to scientific research. But his rules of conduct are strict. 'In some parts of the world, for instance, I tell people they should wear long trousers, not shorts, and wear a tie, when eating out. It may sound dictatorial, but I find one has a better experience if one is well dressed. I don't understand why people dress down when they go to other countries.'
Matthews' views reflect a growing unease among some tour companies at the increasingly cavalier behaviour of well-heeled tourists. Chris Parrott, of Journey Latin America, says: 'We tell our clients that indigenous people are often shy about being photographed, but we certainly don't tell them not to take a camera. If they take pictures without asking, they may have tomatoes thrown at them.' He also reports that increasing numbers of clients are taking camcorders and pointing them indiscriminately at locals. He says: 'People with camcorders tend to be more intrusive than those with cameras, but there is a payoff - the people they are filming get a tremendous thrill from seeing themselves played back on the viewfinder.'
Crispin Jones, of Exodus, the overland truck specialist, says: 'We don't have a policy but, should cameras cause offence, our tour leaders will make it quite clear that they cannot be used. Clients tend to do what they are told.
Earthwatch, which pioneered the concept of proactive eco-tourism by sending paying volunteers to work on scientific projects around the world, does not ban cameras, but operates strict rules on their use. Ed Wilson, the marketing director of the company, says: 'We try to impress on people the common courtesy of getting permission before using their cameras, and one would hope that every tour operator would do the same. People have to be not only environmentally aware but also culturally aware. Some people use the camera as a barrier; it allows them to distance themselves from the reality of what they see. I would like to see tourists putting their cameras away for once, rather than trying to record everything they see.'
8. In the first paragraph we learn that Discovery Initiatives
9. Julian Matthews thinks that the function of the company is to
10. What does Matthews say in the third paragraph about cameras and
11. What is Mathews keen for clients to realize?
12. Which of the following does Chris Parrot believe?
13. Crispin Jones says that his company
14. Which of the following best summarises the view of Earthwatch?
15. The word intrusive in the text means...
ÏÅÐÅÍÅÑÈÒÅ ÑÂÎÈ ÐÅØÅÍÈß Â ËÈÑÒ ÎÒÂÅÒÎÂ
Êîíêóðñ ïîíèìàíèÿ ïèñüìåííîãî òåêñòà
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